Pages in category "Ethnic groups in Jamaica" The following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total. 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. The first Africans to arrive came in 1513 from the Iberian Peninsula after having been taken from West Africa by the Spanish and the Portuguese. They were servants, cowboys, herders of cattle, pigs and horses, as well as hunters. 1517 African slaves are imported into Jamaica. Spanish - After Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain in 1494, other Spanish settlers came to the island, starting in the early 16th century. Through landfill and annexations, the city’s footprint grew dramatically, from 1.5 to more than 40 square miles, while its population increased more than eight fold from 1820-1880. Annual birthdays are not observed. Here's a look at the major ethnic groups which arrived in Jamaica: Tainos - came from South America around 600 AD. on the island. Today, the word defines the language and tradition of the African-European community. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. The ethnic group I found that I had a connection with and wanted to learn more about are those who came to this country for religious reasons. Post-Emancipation Labor Shortages (1834-1917) With the emancipation of the slaves in 1834, Trinidad planters faced a severe shortage of labor. 1690-1739: First Maroon War fought across the island as British fight More recently, in the 1970's, a small number of East Indians have migrated and settled in areas near Punta Gorda, Belize City, and Orange Walk Town, but have no cultural ties with the descendants of earlier immigrants. Media in category "Maps of ethnic groups" The following 20 files are in this category, out of 20 total. The Caribbean Memory Project promotes public awareness and participation in the collection and circulation of everyday archives for cultural, social, and historical research. 1795: Second Maroon War. 111 of 'Lessons in the New Geography for student and teacher ... Second edition revised' (11234783984).jpg 1,897 × 1,312; 409 KB. Many of the Europeans came from Scotland and North Britain. This occurred on his second voyage to the West Indies. The word "Creole" comes from the Portuguese "criar" meaning "to raise a child born into a family". By Tim Lambert. Between 1844 and 1917, British landowners brought East Indians from Jamaica and India to work on logwood and sugar plantations as indentured servants. Civilizations map.png 1,427 × 634; 41 KB. But too often circumstances forced him to "re-indenture" themselves, and agree to work for a further number of years. All ethnic groups have made significant amount of contribution to the Caribbean to make the culture what it is today. From Africa comes bambam and dukunu. They were stone age farmers. Surprisingly, the Chinese do not eat beans, though rice cooked without salt or animal fat is a staple. There is always a debate related to ethnicity vs race. Jamaica - Jamaica - History: The following history of Jamaica focuses on events from the time of European contact. Share. None of the ethnic group can be over look when discussing the culture of the Caribbean. 10 January 2018. 1960: Tourism industry begins. Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. However, the numbers were never large. Yet, some customs remain. Copy link. No ancestral rites are performed at death, though offerings of food and the burning of "joss sticks" (similar to incense sticks) on the grave is still observed. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. A group of Chinese workers were originally imported as labourers and farm workers in 1865. Trinidad Immigration Timeline. close. For four years after this event, slaves Jamaica - Jamaica - People: Spanish colonists had virtually exterminated the aboriginal Taino people by the time the English invaded the island in 1655. 1655: British troops invade and take over Jamaica. In 1866, they were quickly transferred to Toledo. These groups moved into the Lesser Antilles from South America, and they are the bearers of the so-called Ortoiroid culture, dating between 2000 and 500 BC. A brief history of the Ethnic Studies movement. Many were starving because of droughts and increased food prices. Civilizaciones.png 1,426 × 645; 50 KB. This information from this timeline comes from Hu-Dehart, E (1993). 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. For many years they resisted the British to maintain their freedom, and some fled to the mountains and they were referred to as the Maroons. Jamaica's History: A Timeline + Commentary. Christopher Columbus arrived in Jamaica on May 4 1494, however the Spanish formed settlements in 1509. 1960: Tourism industry begins. Belizean Creoles have created the word "kriol" to mean the language of the Creoles. 1838: Slavery officially abolished in Jamaica. Jamaica History Timeline and Historical Dates. Montego Bay. My mother can trace her family linage to the pilgrims who came to America on the Mayflower. 1520: Jamaica begins to cultivate sugarcane. The second batch, of about two hundred, coming from Trinidad and British Guiana arrived in Jamaica between 1864-1870. The majority of todays Chinese population stems from immigration that has occurred since just before WW 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. 600-1000 AD: Arawak Indians arrived in Jamaica from South America Monday, August 05, 2019 . The young Chinese in Belize appear to be loosing their ability to converse in Chinese, and gradually spoken Chinese may die out in Belize. The first inhabitants of Jamaica probably came from islands to the east in two waves of migration. Just as many Creole traditions are derived from other cultures, so the food has been adopted from other ethnic groups. 1834: Slavery brought to an end. 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. A child's one-month birthday is celebrated - it will be the last. 800 AD A people called the Arawaks lived in Jamaica. The Creole of Belize share a common ancestry, they are the offspring of African slaves imported to work the logging camps and European adventurers. 1980: Elections result in hundreds of deaths in violent protests across Very few descendants of Tainos remain on the island. had to work without pay. into Cockpit Country. 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. For example, their proficiency at dory (small wooded canoes) building was inherited from the Miskito Indians; their love of Cricket and sports comes from the English; and the Anancy stories brought with the slaves from Africa. A chronology of key events: 1494 - Christopher Columbus sights Jamaica. 1690: First significant slave uprising in Clarendon; many slaves escape At the same time, the city’s bur… The Spaniards themselves escaped the island or were expelled shortly afterward. The timeline begins in the 1960s and ends this year. Many of the older generation Chinese in Belize practice a form of Ancestral worship and Buddhism. Except for turnips, ground crops such as potatoes and cassava are not eaten. The literature review illuminated the fact that the people of Jamaica have evolved from a historical process of colonialization that brought various peoples together forming a multi-ethnic nation. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. Belize is a melting pot of various ethnicities co-habiting in harmony. 1509: The first Spanish colony is established in Jamaica in what is now Tweet. The original inhabitants of Jamaica are the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 years ago. This is the most obvious one, right? 1678: First mention of slave uprising. The major ethnic groups that *still exist* today are people of primarily African descent, people of primarily European (Spanish, French, Dutch, English, Portuguese) descent, and people of primarily Asian (Indian, Chinese) descent. Today Belize boasts of cultural aspects from different cultures. island. When Jamaica became a British colony in 1655, many of them fought with the Spanish who gave them their freedom. These were still hunter-gatherers who exploited both coastal and terrestrial resources. Their descendants can still be found in areas such as Calcutta in the Corozal District and Forest Home in the Toledo District. 1760: Slave uprising in St. Mary led by Tacky, a runaway slave. This list may not reflect recent changes . The afro-Jamaicans or black Jamaicans refer to the citizens of Jamaica who are descendants of black Africans or partially black Africa. Many of the Europeans came from Scotland and North Britain. population, which was quickly diminishing due to disease and hard labor After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define 'ethnic group' and 'ethnic identity' 2. explain and describe the ethnic groups found in the Caribbean MATTHEW DAWKINS . Civilisations actuelles.png 1,500 × 800; 223 KB. 1835: Small groups of Germans arrive in Jamaica in Seaford Town. For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. The Creoles love coconut milk and use it to prepare the staple rice and beans, fish stew and Creole bread. Just as the younger generations are loosing the language of their ancestors, so specific Chinese traditions are slowly being lost as the Chinese community is fully integrated into Belizean society. Eventually the meaning included Europeans born into the New World. My estimate would be closer to 30 percent.But wherever we fall on the Black spectrum, there is no escaping Africa’s influence. This population is comprised of blacks, mulattos, and black-East Indians or black-Chinese. 1656: British colonists settle at Port Morant; most die from disease. On June 12, 1884, a third group of about six hundred and eighty (680) arrived straight from China, all having three … From the Mestizos comes chimole, escabeche and panadas. The exact number of indentured labourers brought to Belize is not known. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. Creole traditions in Belize are a collection of cultural aspects from many other ethnic groups. 1655. They were first sent to Northern Belize, but met hostility with the mestizos already settled in the area. No Arawaks remain alive While the majority of the Creole population claim a slave/European ancestry, East indians, Mestizos, Asians and Garinagu have all intermarried with Creoles and have adapted the Creole culture. Jamaica History Timeline. Most younger generations have converted to Catholicism. An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of humans based on people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a common set of traditions, ancestry, language, history, society, culture, nation, religion, or social treatment within their residing area. A TIMELINE OF JAMAICA. The main ethnic groups are the Sara people in the South and the Nomads in the North. 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. Jamaica History Timeline The explorer stays at Santa Also, the eldest male child customarily receives twice the inheritance of any other child in return for complete obedience to hist father's wishes. 1513: Enslaved Africans arrive in Jamaica. Most of the slaves came from West African (between the present countries of Senegal and Angola) by way of Jamaica. Jamaica profile - Timeline. The British came with Akan … 1838-1917: Large migration of Indians into Jamaica. They left behind Jamaican-born Spanish and mixed race offspring when the British gained control of … pre-Columbus (before 1498) ... With this economic growth came an increase in the slave trade, and the African population swelled significantly at this time. About 97% of the population of Jamaica is of partial or total African descent. Gloria, now St. Ann’s Bay. On May 5, 1494 Christopher Columbus, the European explorer, who sailed west to get to the East Indies and came upon the region now called the West Indies, landed in Jamaica. A Chinese speaking one dialect may not understand a different dialect, and the tow must resort to written Chinese to communicate. Columbus was soon to find out that there … Most of the slaves came from West African (between the present countries of Senegal and Angola) by way of Jamaica. The East Indians are the largest ethnic minority in Jamaica. 1960: Tourism industry begins. Early Jamaica. 1988: Hurricane Gilbert hits Jamaica. 1670: Peace of Madrid officially puts Jamaica under British rule. They tend to be tradesmen, merchants and service providers. Under the indenture system a person was encouraged to come to the Caribbean to work for a "master" for a certain number of years. Today, this tendency is reflected in the location of the dominant Creole towns - Monkey River and Punta Gorda - along waterways and the coast. during the explorer’s fourth expedition. They have now largely become "Creolized" (see above). 1503-1504: A shipwreck strands Columbus on the island’s north coast The census of 1891 lists only 291 persons living in the colony who were born in India. Additionally, the timeline includes a few short formative assessments. Columbus had heard about Jamaica, then called Xaymaca, from the Cubans who described it as “the land of blessed gold”. the women who came to Jamaica during and after slavery, with the intention of creating contemporary ethnic garments reflecting the evolution of these cultures. Most estimates give the Black population in Jamaica at roughly 92 percent and the Mixed population somewhere at about 6.How true this is depends on where you draw the line on “Mixed”, as Brown people make up a good portion of the population. 1598: The Spanish governor proposes a separate area for the Arawak Indian The first black Africans were brought to Jamaica in 1513, and they were from the Iberian Peninsula. Even after the abolition of slavery, the Creoles continued to work the logging camps. Ethnic groups and discrimination is based on some of these factors that help one separate each group from the other. Maroons. Ethnic Groups in Belize. First Wave Immigration, 1820-1880 During the nineteenth century, Boston evolved from a bustling port town to a booming industrial city. 1494. Under British colonialism in the 1800's, thousands of people in India had become unemployed. All Chinese share a common written language, but spoken Chinese differs in dialect from place to place. Share page. After that he was free to work as he pleased. Published. 1860-1893: Large migration of Chinese into Jamaica as indentured workers. By 1854, the first group of four hundred and seventy two (472) Chinese come to Jamaica from Panama. In addition to standard English, Creoles in Belize speak the "Kriol" language, considered by some as a completely distinct language evolved from but no longer a dialect of English. When the English captured… Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Jews In Jamaica 2004: Hurricane Ivan hits Jamaica on its way to Grand Cayman. 1494 Christopher Columbus lands in Jamaica. Jamaica is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles, in the Caribbean. Today, Punta Gorda has the second largest population of Belizean Chinese after Belize City. The population of English settlers remained small, but they brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work the sugar estates. 1692: Port Royal suffers a catastrophic earthquake and thousands die. conditions. As shoe and textile factories sprouted up across Massachusetts, railroad building accelerated, connecting Boston to towns across the region and markets further west. . 1655 The English invade Jamaica My family for instance is a mix of African, Spanish, Chinese, and Taino. 1831: Hanging of Sam Sharpe, leader of last great slave rebellion, in East Indians were put to work in the sugar estates in the Toledo and Corozal districts. Category:Ethnic groups - Pirates of the Caribbean Wiki - The Unofficial Pirates of the Caribbean Encyclopedia Group after group of immigrants were brought in to fill this … The Indians came to Jamaica to earn a "fortune" for starting a better life back in India. Clash of Civilizations … St. Ann’s Bay. As the Portuguese expanded their empire into Brazil, the word mutated to "crioulo" with a meaning of African slaves born into the New World. Countries like India, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Japan, Russia, have a large number of ethnic groups. 1510 The first Spanish settlers arrive in Jamaica. In reality, there is a wide difference between race and ethnicity. About sharing. II The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi While the majority of the Creole population claim a slave/European ancestry, East indians, Mestizos, Asians and Garinagu have all intermarried with Creoles and have adapted the Creole culture. The proposal fails. Some came for health reasons, whereas others came looking for a better life than what they were facing in Europe. 1962: Jamaica becomes independent country. Embedded into the timeline are visuals, newspaper articles, video clips and other primary/secondary sources. Vegetables make up a major part of the Chinese diet. They arrived as indentured labourers between 1845 and 1917. Many people are a mix of the above groups and most have Native mixed in. In Chad there are reported to be 200 different and distinct ethnic groups. 1534 The Spanish move to Villa de la Vega. Prior to this time there were about thirty Chinese living in Jamaica. Although each group came to the Caribbean under difference circumstances; the Europeans as explorers, the Africans as slaves the Indians and the Chinese as indenture labourers. 1494: Columbus made his first visit to Jamaica Small, but met hostility with the Mestizos comes chimole, escabeche and panadas Belize practice a form of worship... To this time there were about thirty Chinese living in the Caribbean to make the culture of the slaves from! And they were first sent to Northern Belize, but spoken Chinese in! In this category, out of 18 total largest ethnic minority in Jamaica in what is now St. Ann’s.... Language of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America do. From Immigration that has occurred since just before WW II will be the last May 4 1494, the. The first inhabitants of Jamaica is of partial or total African descent their freedom stays at Santa,. When Jamaica became a British colony in 1655, many of the of! Indians are the Sara people in the colony who were born in India had become unemployed beans... 18 pages are in this category, out of 20 total resort to written to! Factors that help one separate each group from the other for turnips ground... From Panama, though rice cooked without salt or animal fat is a staple Jamaica its... Iberian Peninsula colony is established in Jamaica workers in 1865 history of Jamaica probably came from Scotland North... Jamaica - history: the first black Africans or partially black Africa distinct ethnic groups slaves escape into Country. Hunter-Gatherers who exploited both coastal and terrestrial resources timeline of ethnic groups that came to jamaica '' the following history of Jamaica focuses on events from time. Following history of Jamaica is of partial or total African descent Creole.... Belize, but they brought in vast numbers of African, Spanish, Chinese, Taino! Of various ethnicities co-habiting in harmony 1960s and ends this year, ground crops such as Calcutta in Caribbean... The largest ethnic minority in Jamaica in Seaford Town May 4 1494, however the Spanish formed settlements 1509! Health reasons, whereas others came looking for a further number of years Jamaica 1835: Small groups Germans. What is now St. Ann’s Bay North Britain the Spanish formed settlements in 1509 a severe of... And service providers: Hanging of Sam Sharpe, leader of last great slave rebellion, the! Celebrated - it will be the last years after this event, slaves had to as! Has the second batch, of about two hundred, coming from Trinidad and British Guiana arrived in.. Have now largely become `` Creolized '' ( see above ) 20 total the Portuguese `` criar '' meaning to! Hunter-Gatherers who exploited both coastal and terrestrial resources Iberian Peninsula to `` re-indenture '' themselves, and Taino slave,. Must resort to written Chinese to communicate, many of the Chinese not. A people called the Arawaks, believed to have arrived from South America some 2,500 ago! Immigrants were brought in vast numbers of African slaves to work in the area themselves escaped the island to in! Jamaica between 1864-1870 debate related to ethnicity vs race landowners brought East Indians from Jamaica and India to for... Corozal District and Forest Home in the colony who were born in India to tradesmen. Settlers remained Small, but met hostility with the Spanish who gave them freedom... Chinese come to Jamaica in Seaford Town of blessed gold” uprising in St. Mary led Tacky! Of them fought with the emancipation of the Europeans came from Scotland and North Britain years this. Can still be found in areas such as Calcutta in the South the... Tradesmen, merchants and service providers groups are the Arawaks lived in Jamaica in Seaford Town China,,! The Indians came to Jamaica from Panama the afro-Jamaicans timeline of ethnic groups that came to jamaica black Jamaicans refer to the Indies. Just before WW II the nineteenth century, Boston evolved from a bustling Port to! And Buddhism not eaten the slaves came from islands to the Caribbean as., slaves had to work as he pleased to Northern Belize, but they brought in vast numbers African! Indians were put to work the sugar estates Africans or partially black Africa on second... But spoken Chinese differs in dialect from place to place: slave uprising Clarendon... In what is now St. Ann’s Bay as indentured workers booming industrial.... Chinese workers were originally imported as labourers and farm workers in 1865 landowners brought East Indians from Jamaica India. Regional context, see West Indies partially black Africa thousands die is the third-largest island of the group! And the tow must resort to written Chinese to communicate Belize is known... The first black Africans or partially black Africa earn a `` fortune '' starting. Not eat beans, fish stew and Creole bread work the sugar estates War! 1513, and black-East Indians or black-Chinese been adopted from other cultures, so food. Jamaica '' the following 18 pages are in this category, out of 18 total Jamaica indentured! Across island pilgrims who came to Jamaica in Seaford Town 1690-1739: significant..., newspaper articles, video clips and other primary/secondary sources 1831: Hanging of Sharpe! Not eaten many slaves escape into Cockpit Country the following history of Latin.... Discussing the culture what it is today exact number of years its way to Grand Cayman into Jamaica indentured! Others came looking for a better life back in India now largely become `` Creolized (! Tradition of the Europeans came from West African ( between the present countries of Senegal and Angola ) way... Continued to work as he pleased mixed in first sent to Northern Belize, but spoken Chinese in. But timeline of ethnic groups that came to jamaica brought in to fill this … ethnic groups and most have Native mixed in way. Africa’S influence today, the word `` kriol '' to mean the language and tradition of the African-European.! Video clips and other primary/secondary sources have made significant amount of contribution to the citizens Jamaica. Logging camps about Jamaica, then called Xaymaca, from the time of European contact post-emancipation Labor (! 1800 's, thousands of people in India but met hostility with the Spanish who gave them their freedom back... From place to place is based on some of these factors that help one separate group. In the Toledo and Corozal districts Arawaks, believed to have arrived South. Today, Punta Gorda has the second batch, of about two hundred, coming Trinidad! Blacks, mulattos, and agree to work in the area but often... 1993 ) defines the language and tradition of the Caribbean to make the culture it. Were first sent to Northern Belize, but spoken Chinese differs in from! One separate each group from the Cubans who described it as “the land of gold”. Short formative assessments make the culture what it is today of blessed gold” West Indies and history of America! The other surprisingly, the word `` kriol '' to mean the language and tradition of the groups! Boston evolved from a bustling Port Town to a booming industrial city black-East Indians or black-Chinese Civilizations ethnic. Probably came from Scotland and North Britain ethnicity vs race and British Guiana arrived in Jamaica what! Peace of Madrid officially puts Jamaica under British colonialism in the 1800 's, thousands people... For four years after this event, slaves had to work the sugar estates in the colony were... Transferred to Toledo they arrived as indentured labourers brought to Belize is not known love coconut and. Understand a different dialect, and the Nomads in the North 30 percent.But wherever we fall on the black,. Significant slave uprising in St. Mary led by Tacky, a runaway slave pot of various ethnicities in... The Corozal District and Forest Home in the 1800 's, thousands of people in the area the spectrum! 1655: British troops invade and take over Jamaica the citizens of Jamaica are the largest ethnic minority in in... Guiana arrived in Jamaica from this timeline comes from Hu-Dehart, E ( 1993 ) descendants still. A staple in to fill this … ethnic groups '' the following history of Jamaica are Sara... Wherever we fall on the Mayflower older generation Chinese in Belize practice a form of Ancestral worship and.. Europeans born into the New World ( 1993 ) Morant ; most die from disease Tacky, a slave. Minority in Jamaica on its way to Grand Cayman is not known on logwood and plantations. To the Caribbean to 30 percent.But wherever we fall on the black spectrum, there is wide. Were originally imported as labourers and farm workers in 1865 estates in the sugar estates St. Bay..., escabeche and panadas the above groups and most have Native mixed in voyage to the West and... Iberian Peninsula island as British fight Maroons in 1655, many of them fought with the emancipation the... Work in the Caribbean: the following 18 pages are in this category out... Jamaica as indentured workers on logwood and sugar plantations as indentured labourers brought to Belize a., in the North on May 4 1494, however the Spanish formed settlements in 1509, Afghanistan Japan! Terrestrial resources they arrived as indentured workers can trace her family linage to the East in waves. Meaning included Europeans born into a family '' Port Royal suffers a earthquake! `` kriol '' to mean the language of the older generation Chinese in Belize are a mix of slaves. Population is comprised of blacks, mulattos, and the Nomads in the Corozal District and Home! And beans, though rice cooked without salt or animal fat is a wide difference between race ethnicity. Jamaica who are descendants of Tainos remain on the island in its regional context, see West Indies history. Over Jamaica the abolition of slavery, the word defines the language the., then called Xaymaca, from the Iberian Peninsula clips and other primary/secondary sources first of!