According to 2015’s data, there are 22 island territories in Caribbean and it is surrounded by 12 continental countries. 28. Its deepest point, the Cayman … Fun and interesting facts about the Caribbean Islands 1. Caribbean Sea’s age is believed to be somewhere between 160 to 180 million years. It was in the Holocene period that the water levels increased and exchange of water took place between Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. Elite Jamaica Official Channel Recommended for you. 16:47. It has nearly 700 islands. It’s technically part of the Atlantic Ocean. A myriad of gulfs and many reefs are contained in the Caribbean Sea. Learn more about the Caribbean Sea in this article. About 3,000 Caribs remain on Dominica today. The coral reef in Caribbean Sea is threatened due to the increased temperature of the sea because of global warming effect. From this, Sea of Antilles was used instead of Caribbean Sea in many languages of Europe. Although it’s technically part of the Atlantic Ocean, there’s a marked visual difference where the two bodies of water meet. There are many bays and gulfs along the sea’s coastline. 17. In 16th century, Europeans started calling Caribbean Sea as the North Sea (as it lies above the isthmus of Panama) and called Pacific Ocean (which lies below the isthmus of Panama) as the South Sea. The water surface temperature in the Caribbean sea hardly changes during the year. The Caribbean Sea is a body of water, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean. The Caribbean Sea is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by island arcs (archipelagos forming an arc shape). Caribbean monk seal is considered to be extinct. 27. Then in Triassic period, rifting (lithosphere or land is pulled apart) occurred and many troughs were formed. 24. In the Cretaceous period Caribbean Sea nearly reached the shape it is today. It is surrounded by the Lesser Antilles from the east, South America’s north coast from the south, Central America and Mexico from the west and Greater Antilles from the north. Once our new domain is ready and the articles are published, we will formally launch the new site. It can be positive or negative) die and because of this the coral reefs lose their food and color. 15. Get facts about Caribbean here. As a cultural designation, the word "Caribbean" may also be used to identify not only the diverse peoples who inhabit the territory outlined above but also the … Most of the islands, as well as some of … Beyond Caribbean Geography . 26. The sea has a surface area of 1,063,000 square miles or 2,754,000 square kilometers. Out of this, 6,500 are endemic (seen only in a particular area and nowhere else). It has an area of about 19,000 square miles or 50,000 square kilometers. In the Caribbean Sea, there are two states with similar names, which are often confused – Dominica and Dominican Republic. 6. Islands of the West Indies, the coasts and Caribbean Sea combined is called as Caribbean. Caribbean Sea. The depth of the Caribbean sea reaches 7989 meters (26210 feet) at the deepest point. Facts you may not know about the Caribbean Sea 1. Cuba is the biggest island in the Caribbean. Caribbean Sea Facts: The Caribbean Sea is home of 9% of the world’s reefs which cover about 50,000 square kilometers. On the other hand, calcareous silts can be found on continental slopes and ridges. 1. Caribbean Sea has the weather temperature around 21 to 29 degree C.  It has warm temperature. There are thousands of islands, many of which are famous for their sandy beaches. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. 18. They include Gulf of Honduras, Gulf of Venezuela, Gulf of Gonâve, Golfo de los Mosquitos, Gulf of Darién, and Gulf of Darién. the Caribbean Sea with its blue, shade, give you peace, and pamper the eyes of tourists. It has the depth at 25,220 feet or 7,886 meter below the sea elevation. There are various cold places on earth. GEOLOGY. There are five basins in the Caribbean Sea. There is the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef which stretches over 1,000 km along the Central American coast and is the 2nd largest barrier reef in the whole world. The Caribbean Sea is one of the world's largest at roughly 1,063,000 square miles in size. Can you guess the area of Caribbean Sea? The Greater Antilles is seen to the northern. Marine transgression (flooding of the land which was exposed earlier) took place in early Jurassic and filled the present-day Gulf of Mexico area with water. By Kimberly John CJ Contributor. Facts about Coastlines tell you about the meeting of ocean or sea with the land. It is surrounded by the Lesser Antilles from the east, South America’s north coast from the south, Central America and Mexico … 19. It decreased in its size because of the convergence of Gondwana with Euramerica. The Caribbean takes its name from the indigenous Carib tribes that had migrated up the island chain from South America. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. 34. To the west and southwest, you can find the Central America and Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico as the boundaries. It is bounded by Mexico and Central America to the west and south west, to the north by the Greater Antilles starting with Cuba, to the east by the Lesser Antilles, and to the south by the north coast of South America. The floor of the Caribbean Sea is composed of sub-oceanic sediments of deep red clay in the deep basins and troughs. 23. The Caribbean Sea is a body of water adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. What makes a Caribbean yacht charter vacation so attractive? We will be moving some content to a new domain. This meteorological, Let me show you the interesting Facts about Aquifers if you want to know the underground layer of water, Here are some interesting Facts about Cold Places. The Caribbean Sea is home to about 9% of the world’s coral reefs covering about 50,000 square kilometers (19,000 square miles), most of which are located off the Caribbean Islands and the Central American coast. Two trenches, Puerto Rico trench and Cayman trench are also present in the Caribbean Sea. 8. Get facts about Aral Sea here. Some of the species which live nearby shallow waters are turtle grass or manatee grass, shoal grass, widgeongrass etc. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Caribbean Sea kâr˝ĭbē´ən, kərĭb´ēən [key], tropical sea, c.970,000 sq mi (2,512,950 sq km), arm of the Atlantic Ocean, Central America. Another of the main facts about the Caribbean is that beyond the islands in and surrounding the Caribbean Sea, there are other countries which are also associated with the Caribbean region mainly due … The only bodies of water that are deeper are the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, the Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. 30. It is a part of MBRS (Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System) or Great Mayan Reef (length is 600 miles or 1000 kilometers) is the world’s second largest reef after the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. It includes extinct and active volcanoes like Quill, Mount Pelee on Sint Eustatius, Morne Trois Pitons in Dominica. 29. Cuba and Haiti separated Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea. 9. Above photo: Tim Calver. The Caribbean is a warm sea between North and South America. 101 Facts About The Oceans - … El Niño and La Niña are the causes for any extreme temperature differences. It is a part of the Atlantic Ocean. Because of the presence of two trenches risk of earthquake is extremely high near the Caribbean Sea. Caribbean islands are extremely beautiful and attract many tourists. It is bordered on the N and E by the West Indies archipelago, on the S by South America, and on the W by Thanks to the movie, the Caribbean Sea is visited again and craving for world travelers. With the destruction of these reefs, the dependent activities like diving and fishing are also taking a hit. The range of fluctuations is 3-5 degrees only. 32. Actually the nearby coasts are included as the Caribbean too. Eco-tourism is a big hit, as well. Caribbean Sea Facts. Caribbean Sea is one of the many seas of Atlantic Ocean. Over 2,600 feet above sea level on Dominica, you will find a seething cauldron of volcanic activity – the Boiling Lake! 11. The porous limestone terraces of the islands are generally nutrient-poor. This is why this sea boasts such fantastic underwater fauna and flora for you to admire and explore. The Caribbean islands vary in topography between the low-lying islands surrounded by coral reef of the Greater Antilles, to the mountainous, lush islands of the Lesser Antilles. This arc was formed when the South American plate collided with the Caribbean plate. The Caribbean, which is located southeast of North America's mainland, north of South America, and east of Central America, encompasses more than 700 islands, islets and cays, and the Caribbean Sea. The Caribbean Sea is located in the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by Central America and Mexico, the Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, and South America's north coast. 35. The Caribbean Sea is a tropical sea in the center of the Caribbean area. 40 Interesting Spleen Facts You Should Learn Today, White Sea Facts: 30 Facts for Your Homework. When the temperatures increase, zooxanthellae – microscopic plants which are in symbiosis with coral reefs (symbiosis is an interaction between two organisms which live in the same physical environment. It is also seen that toxic materials like mercury, lead, arsenic etc. Map of the Caribbean Region . Caribbean Sea - Facts That Help You Have the Charter of Your Life. Island arcsdelineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea:the Greater Antilleson the north and the Lesser Antilleson the south and east (which includes the Leeward Antilles). These 7,000+ islands are broken down into three major island groups: Bahamas has the highest number of Caribbean islands. Island arcs (a type of archipelago with a series of volcanoes aligned in an arc shape) separate the sea from the Atlantic Ocean. However, with the increase in revenue, pollution is also increasing in the Caribbean Sea because of the excess human activity. If you want to check the deepest point of Caribbean Sea, you can go to Cayman Trough. Though the coral reefs support marine ecosystem but the increase in temperature in the Caribbean Sea is impacting the coral reefs negatively. The Caribbean Sea is the deepest sea in the world, with average depths of 22, 788 ft (6,946 meters). The Caribbean Sea has the world’s second largest barrier reef, the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean Sea with an area of 42,426 square miles. 2. Weather is mostly characterized by warm temperatures ranging from 21 to 26 degrees Celsius. The sea bed of the Caribbean Sea consists of red clay in the troughs and deep basins whereas the calcareous silt is seen where the continental slopes are present. Facts about Caribbean Sea 10: the average weather in Caribbean Sea. With picturesque views and azure waters, the islands of the Caribbean are hot tourist destinations. Cuba is larger than all the other Caribbean Islands combined. So, let us begin…. 12. There are 90 species of mammals in this sea, including dolphins, humpback whales, sperm whales, bull sharks, tiger sharks and flying fish among others. It's deepest point is more than 6,000 f.t. People call it Mesoamerican Barrier Reef. Defined geographically, the Caribbean Sea is the body of water surrounding the islands of the West Indies that also washes the mainland, Antilles-facing shores of Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, and Venezuela. Do you like reading facts about Caribbean Sea? 7. In the shallow waters, the species diversity is a bit less and is mainly concentrated around the coral reefs. Salinity is nearly 3.6%. 4. People also call it, The people who live in arid and semi-arid regions should know more about Facts about Dust Storms. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean Sea, at 42,426 square miles.10. 9% of the coral reefs of the world are present in the Caribbean. Many organizations and corporations have come up to do their bit to save the ecology of the Caribbean. Can you mention the bays and gulfs that Caribbean Sea has? 5. The word Caribbean is derived from Caribs, a native American group that lived in the America when Europeans arrived there in the 15th. There are around 9 percent of coral reefs in the world located in Caribbean Sea. 500 species of snakes (nearly 94% of them are endemic), 170 amphibian species and 600 bird species (163 species are endemic) are found there. Solenodon (mammal), blue iguana, rhinoceros iguana (reptiles), 48 endemic species of birds are endangered. There are over 7000 islands to choose from and they all have their individual character. 16. You have to check the boundaries of the Caribbean Sea. are accumulated till the depths of 50 meters. 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