0000029656 00000 n 0000096007 00000 n 0000051520 00000 n 0000129581 00000 n 0000125287 00000 n 0000082369 00000 n 0000026252 00000 n Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the … 0000064688 00000 n 0000119230 00000 n 0000097657 00000 n and Theodore Cooper, the most reputed engineer of that time became the main consulting Woven from transcripts of the inquiry into the collapse, the report of the commissioners, and other sources including the coroner's inquest, On Cold Iron plays out like a fast-paced thriller. 0000026952 00000 n 0000060475 00000 n 0000053934 00000 n The Iron Ring is a symbolic ring worn by Canadian engineers. 0000124155 00000 n 0000062370 00000 n (�=O���0�ܷ�� 0000123218 00000 n 0000021329 00000 n Known as the Corporation of the Seven Wardens, the organization was named in honour of the first seven presidents of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineers. 88 workers lose their lives in the two disasters. 0000065964 00000 n The Iron Ring is a ring worn by many Canadian-trained engineers, as a symbol and reminder of the obligations and ethics associated with their profession. 0000052191 00000 n 0000057016 00000 n 0000120264 00000 n 0000105778 00000 n 0000072613 00000 n 0000063780 00000 n It’s a national historic site, and it still holds the world record as the longest cantilever bridge with a span of 1800 feet. On Cold Iron. 0000027784 00000 n Through the story of the 1907 Quebec Bridge disaster, in which seventy-six men died, author Dan Levert teaches a powerful object lesson in what can happen when that Obligation is forgotten. © Corporation of the Seven Wardens, All Rights Reserved 2020 © Société des Sept Gardiens, Tous droits réservés 2020 0000021431 00000 n Originally, the rings were made of iron, with the false belief that they were made from the iron from the collapsed Québec Bridge. A cantilever bridge was proposed as the most fea­ sible design to bridge the harsh, icy waters of the St. Lawrence River. 0000072250 00000 n 0000066317 00000 n 0000106462 00000 n ^ Iron Ring ^ Information Relevant to the Iron Ring Ceremony, November 22, 2001; Retrieved April 4, 2010 ^ Frants Lichtenberg's letter to his son Steen Lichtenberg in 1954, describing the construction of the Quebec Bridge. Why? Near the end of a long day, he noticed that a rivet that he had driven no more than an hour before had snapped clean in two. 0000074045 00000 n 0000053402 00000 n 0000023184 00000 n 0000021584 00000 n 0000020054 00000 n 0000023496 00000 n Now, the bridge collapsed during construction in 1907, killing 76 men. 0000047499 00000 n It’s known for the tragedies that happened in the early 1900s when it collapsed back in 1907 and in 1916. 0000026096 00000 n 0000028720 00000 n 0000056819 00000 n 0000020309 00000 n 0000028460 00000 n 0000087737 00000 n 0000069122 00000 n 0000061175 00000 n 0000058547 00000 n 0000025888 00000 n 0000050408 00000 n The site became a pilgrimage for engineers come to consider the vast destructive forces of human error. 0000027212 00000 n 0000099265 00000 n 0000021839 00000 n 0000038276 00000 n Beauvais went down with the bridge but managed to wriggle free from the debris, escaping with a broken leg. 0000109648 00000 n 0000020411 00000 n 0000039485 00000 n 0000044455 00000 n The timekeeper Huot, who had been just about to whistle the end of the work day, ran in panic as he felt the deck collapsing below him, reaching safety as the last girder snapped behind him. 0000025056 00000 n �B���e�t�P��C�Du���@"���҅�j��E� ���n? Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the working hand as a reminder throughout their career. 0000092101 00000 n 0000044075 00000 n 0000026668 00000 n 0000056430 00000 n Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the working hand as a reminder throughout their career. 0000041158 00000 n 0000062964 00000 n 괢�|�)"�Ra 0000096247 00000 n 0000126117 00000 n When completed it would be the largest structure of its kind and the longest bridge in the world, outstripping the famous Firth of Forth Bridge in Scotland. 0000023132 00000 n The Canadian government took over the bridge project and rebuilt it with much heavier (and much uglier) cantilever arms. 0000023600 00000 n 0000068568 00000 n 0000084031 00000 n 0000099951 00000 n 0000090454 00000 n ���+�ݲbE�\Y��R����P� 0000102200 00000 n It took two years to clear the debris from the river. 0000125829 00000 n 0000026356 00000 n Why an Iron Ring? 0000023964 00000 n 0000048692 00000 n 0000027160 00000 n 0000078275 00000 n 0000026200 00000 n Through the story of the 1907 Quebec Bridge disaster, in which seventy-six men died, author Dan Levert teaches a powerful object lesson in what can happen when that Obligation is forgotten. In. �@�ߧI�*�I�b�I�_Ā,���ٙ�yz��'����=���������n��� 7�J�,���E�q����c��s戴o�OC����z��^_RM��OX� ; �N�� �R�J[��"� 0000083371 00000 n 0000022560 00000 n Dan Levert was Obligated in 1978. 0000054463 00000 n 0000126964 00000 n 0000071513 00000 n Indiana University Press. The bridge was finally completed in 1917. 0000098807 00000 n 0000029448 00000 n )��5_�_�p�jP���Q*ؤ�Ir'� \=!��"}W�I�)���J�ҥc�LM'�̲| �e0O9��fz ��s��3�]��ZsE�ڗ���[���d���}&�ܺ��2�҅�j����t+#\���S������ ���b endstream endobj 251 0 obj 771 endobj 252 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 251 0 R >> stream 0000070594 00000 n �YVl��י9RlmC�햁L��fmb����Juj}�&�}Һ��2�҅�~�W]� �x�M�7�3K%Ի�bI0� !צ�Rj���\��mkxct8�-nn�n\��\T�P�z�%�~]�n\��ܰ��|!D*��Ed� �����ϖ&Ɣ��o�P��#�*l����\�S� �����.̍�[�v�6�BSiq�V���+������!���UD׎5����Y֓0yN.�U#�C;X��f���-+�ta�W�P�0�2���ڏ6�k�LL�mow5�v)x��>�������)՛�$��:X?���s>A1S} 0000128592 00000 n 0000029916 00000 n The giant cantilever dropped out from under them, crashing into the river with such force that people in the city of Quebec, 10 km away, believed that an earthquake had struck. 0000026512 00000 n 0000111947 00000 n 0000076575 00000 n H���=�� ��w 0000070771 00000 n 0000021074 00000 n 0000094572 00000 n 0000027264 00000 n 0000020972 00000 n 0000024120 00000 n 0000113173 00000 n Some of the dead had been crushed by the twisted steel; others by the fall. Deans had read his wire but ignored it. 0000076395 00000 n 0000055292 00000 n 0000047734 00000 n 0000012644 00000 n 0000121937 00000 n Contrary to popular belief the first rings were not made from iron from the collapsed bridge. He has been a professional engineer since 1981. 0000020819 00000 n 0000112431 00000 n 0000023392 00000 n 0000020258 00000 n 0000029032 00000 n 0000109408 00000 n 0000043359 00000 n 0000042510 00000 n 0000095771 00000 n In order to cut the cost of building the piers farther out in the river, Cooper lengthened the bridge span from 490 metres to 550 metres. 0000024536 00000 n 0000075854 00000 n 0000029760 00000 n Marsh, J., Quebec Bridge Disaster (2015). 0000087053 00000 n On Cold IronA Story of Hubris and the 1907 Quebec Bridge Collapse by Dan Levert. • In 1882 Quebec Bridge Company was granted the contract for the bridge • Due to short finance , nothing was done until 1887 when Quebec Bridge was incorporated with the Railway Company • Now the new management demanded to get the project rolling a.s.a.p. 0000025472 00000 n 0000027940 00000 n 0000067234 00000 n 0000025628 00000 n 0000101976 00000 n 0000104212 00000 n The Bridge at Quebec. 0000072066 00000 n 0000050643 00000 n 0000049930 00000 n 0000068201 00000 n - foreword clarion review "a remarkably rigorous account of a bridge calamity that should be of interest to engineers. 0000020003 00000 n 0000094330 00000 n The bridge collapsed during construction on August 29, 1907, killing 75 workers. 0000105101 00000 n 0000127929 00000 n 0000102647 00000 n Whether or not this is a fact it is to be seen as a symbol of the seriousness of the engineering profession's responsibility and the dire consequences of negligence or mistakes in an engineer's work. 0000063962 00000 n 0000084364 00000 n 0000079286 00000 n 0000028512 00000 n 0000058717 00000 n 0000023028 00000 n 0000093595 00000 n 0000079576 00000 n 0000111062 00000 n People may also be familiar with the Quebec bridge across the Saint Lawrence River near Quebec City. 0000098576 00000 n 0000059849 00000 n 0000099036 00000 n 0000024848 00000 n The Ring is given as part of "The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer", written by Rudyard Kipling. trailer << /Size 662 /Info 49 0 R /Root 51 0 R /Prev 312945 /ID[<3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf><3dee40712b3bd919f239d69febfe1eaf>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 51 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 47 0 R >> endobj 660 0 obj << /S 928 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 661 0 R >> stream 0000106010 00000 n 0000115328 00000 n 0000086034 00000 n "on cold iron is an outstanding historical and technical study of an avoidable human tragedy." 0000024484 00000 n 0000024588 00000 n 0000048450 00000 n 0000042278 00000 n 0000078511 00000 n 0000097426 00000 n 0000055684 00000 n Quebec Bridge Disaster and The Iron Ring Presenter: Manreet Rahil Partner: Patric Lui Team: 1. 0000025004 00000 n 0000071317 00000 n 0000038906 00000 n 0000080481 00000 n 0000107584 00000 n 0000076764 00000 n 0000088776 00000 n 0000092357 00000 n Legend has it that the rings were made from the steel of a beam from the Quebec Bridge, which collapsed during construction in 1916 due to poor planning and design by the overseeing engineers, killing 75 construction workers. 0000075493 00000 n 0000085703 00000 n 0000026460 00000 n 0000028980 00000 n Quebec Bridge Collapse, 1907. �w�X)��Y��?��p�G�y�����O�s�������oJѷnG�3���N5M�}����菏���ޖ?�eK���(;^���B!�� O��a<9��U�z-��{����K��� H���u7����SĦK9M�-P����Ja� %]��NnI-��_�҅�j�Е��P•}���R@�[&�&�-���\����R�++k�9g>�Txp�j[���k On August 6 McLure reported to Cooper that the lower chords on the south arm were bent. 0000063166 00000 n On 25 January 1922, Haultain proposed that engineers take an ethical oath. 0000022976 00000 n 0000060711 00000 n The iron ring's circular shape has been said to symbolize the continuity of the profession and its methods and the circle is also an appropriate symbol of the iterative engineering design process. 0000095292 00000 n 0000126399 00000 n 0000118534 00000 n 0000020156 00000 n ��^��� s2�-���E�9v�N���"�=e�e��"s|w��E��k?a7�|��(ECt�`�@IGh��7�@:n��L̴e,��-2���7�Ӏ]+Ԧ���v��mJ+�zM~��)�����Di�(����d6dv\Zv�̉aA�iho(�"uR��4��X��\�;��]S���0Vs��Ƥ�t=�$8Q�۔���uW�� 0000123845 00000 n 0000027732 00000 n A train engineer plunged with his locomotive into the river but was dragged out alive by a rescue boat. 0000040731 00000 n 0000038477 00000 n It took two years to clear the debris from the river. 0000124460 00000 n 0000021125 00000 n 0000110342 00000 n 0000092857 00000 n 0000070044 00000 n 0000093108 00000 n 0000023704 00000 n 0000110571 00000 n 0000079027 00000 n However, the history of this bridge is fraught with failure and loss of human life. �� ��hR��pVIf�$��Ϫ�ij&��d%廬X# 0000108712 00000 n 0000059240 00000 n 0000021227 00000 n 0000066503 00000 n 0000062577 00000 n The bridge was finally completed in 1917 and the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) officially opened it 22 August 1919. 0000094083 00000 n 0000023236 00000 n 0000103764 00000 n 0000122264 00000 n 0000052584 00000 n 0000072977 00000 n 0000028772 00000 n 0000118187 00000 n Through the story of the 1907 Quebec Bridge disaster, in which seventy-six men died, author Dan Levert teaches a powerful object lesson in what can happen when that Obligation is forgotten. 0000056250 00000 n 0000027888 00000 n 0000055875 00000 n Add Video Ideas over building a bridge that connected the north part of the St. Lawrence River to the south part were popular in the mid to late 1800’s to allow ease of transport. 0000058214 00000 n 0000100631 00000 n It began at the largest cantilever bridge in the world, the Quebec Bridge over the St. Lawrence river. 0000051062 00000 n 0000044586 00000 n 0000116558 00000 n 0000117023 00000 n 0000036963 00000 n 0000039677 00000 n 0000043250 00000 n 0000024380 00000 n 0000065241 00000 n 0000025264 00000 n In addition to that, the symbolism behind the Iron in the Iron ring is that it came from the collapsed parts of the wreckage of the Quebec Bridge. 0000059529 00000 n 0000022456 00000 n 0000103314 00000 n 0000038679 00000 n 0000023444 00000 n But the collapse of the bridge led to the tradition of the Iron Ring to symbolize the humility and fallibility of engineers. 0000096718 00000 n 0000045089 00000 n 0000044843 00000 n 0000049444 00000 n Every year, graduating Engineering students receive an Iron Ring at a private and voluntary "Ceremony of the Calling of an Engineer". The Quebec Bridge was 20 years in the making, from the found­ ing of the Quebec Bridge Company in 1887 to the bridge’s col­ lapse in 1907. Designers of the Forth Bridge which was built between 1883 and 1890 were consulted in the design of the second Quebec Bridge in 1916. The ill-starred bridge suffered a second disaster on 11 September 1916 when a new centre span being hoisted into position fell into the river, killing 13 men. 0000020717 00000 n 0000033227 00000 n 0000128158 00000 n 0000077828 00000 n 0000121605 00000 n 0000028408 00000 n The deflection had grown. p. 158. 0000068754 00000 n 0000089448 00000 n 0000021482 00000 n 0000026616 00000 n 0000076035 00000 n American engineer Theodore Cooper was chosen to design it. 0000026304 00000 n 0000052862 00000 n 0000120942 00000 n The ill-starred bridge suffered a second disaster on 11 September 1916 when a new centre span being hoisted into position fell into the river, killing 13 men. 0000115005 00000 n =ň��!} 0000025784 00000 n Deans had read his wire but ignored it. 0000023548 00000 n 0000074413 00000 n 0000112686 00000 n Each budding engineer then receives an Iron Ring to be worn on the small finger of the working hand as a reminder throughout their career. 0000063377 00000 n 0000042721 00000 n 0000013909 00000 n 0000054904 00000 n A giant iron ring rests outside of the engineering building; a twin sits outside of Hamilton’s city hall. 0000024952 00000 n In, Marsh, James H., "Quebec Bridge Disaster". 0000060289 00000 n 0000124689 00000 n 0000027316 00000 n 0000021635 00000 n Why is it called Kipling? 0000113412 00000 n High above the St. Lawrence River, on a hot August day in 1907, a worker named Beauvais 0000029344 00000 n 0000022248 00000 n 0000064324 00000 n 0000083037 00000 n 0000024640 00000 n 0000028304 00000 n 0000098346 00000 n 0000125541 00000 n 0000022300 00000 n 0000124990 00000 n "This puts me in the position of a subordinate," he raged, "which I cannot accept.". That word "cheapest" would come back to haunt him. 0000103987 00000 n 0000049196 00000 n 0000072429 00000 n 0000067618 00000 n 0000025576 00000 n 0000069495 00000 n 0000027992 00000 n 0000058378 00000 n There was criticism of the bridge company for putting profit above safety and for engineers who neglected their professional and moral duties. 0000073334 00000 n 0000106913 00000 n Iron Ring 1. 0000024744 00000 n He was a proud even arrogant man who had numerous prestigious projects to his name, including the Second Avenue Bridge in New York. 0000049686 00000 n 0000050878 00000 n 0000056627 00000 n 0000122578 00000 n 0000056062 00000 n 0000043769 00000 n 0000120603 00000 n 0000065603 00000 n 0000059407 00000 n Cooper assumed that the work had stopped. 0000021023 00000 n 0000022612 00000 n 0000021788 00000 n ^ Lawson, Don (2005). 0000062773 00000 n 0000045831 00000 n 0000104652 00000 n 0000100405 00000 n It's usually stainless steel these days, though a few are still made of wrought iron. 0000082705 00000 n 0000107801 00000 n 0000029604 00000 n 0000057596 00000 n During the incident, 75 of the 86 workers on the bridge were killed, and the rest injured. 0000028200 00000 n 0000096480 00000 n 0000128380 00000 n 0000020870 00000 n 0000020666 00000 n 0000103091 00000 n 0000051285 00000 n Of the 86 workers on the bridge that August 29, 1907, 75 died, many of them local Caughnawaga, famous for their high steel work. 0000084696 00000 n A group of sightseers looked back in horror when they heard the sound, for they had only left the bridge minutes before. 0000025992 00000 n High above the St. Lawrence River, on a hot August day in 1907, a worker named Beauvais was driving rivets into the great southern span of the Quebec Bridge. 0000043145 00000 n 0000129388 00000 n These events highlighted the reality of an engineer’s role in public safety and gave rise to ethical commitments made by those joining the engineering profession, to serve the public good. 0000022145 00000 n His rough edges, and those on his Ring, have been smoothed over with time. 0000029084 00000 n ���4_y-�����A���-�e�p�:�3�� y��Oy8\����7�8�h�A�>c$9%��b�R�K$J;fן��y���a7'�������mᩮ��qC�;��2~)�8����9����$��\ݽ�����#~�� Qk��8�e��2�Ղ���nrR�*��`��[d���r�� The second time it failed was Sept. 1916. %PDF-1.2 %���� 0000046556 00000 n 0000013681 00000 n 0000054722 00000 n 0000126683 00000 n Just as he called out to his foreman to report the disquieting news, the scream of twisting metal pierced the air. 0000047250 00000 n 0000076215 00000 n H��WM��6��W�H����+�d�"E�C@�G�n�uP{���9�DI�V0`[�7�o��t��j�ӵ��s=Uw�|�������:8Lе����!����q�nOk����格`?���ܰ�� \��T7��V���0����٘��^���J�x