This chapter and through 2 Samuel 19 relate the tragic account of Absalom's rebellion against David, which ended in Joab's killing the evil rebel as he hung by that gorgeous head of hair tangled in the branches of a tree. We believe that her entire story was a clever fabrication. StudyLıght.org. 4. And your handmaid had two sons, and they quarreled with one another in the field; there was no one to part them, and one struck the other and killed him. So he said to his servants, “See, Joab’s field is near mine, and he has barley there; go and set it on fire.” And Absalom’s servants set the field on fire. Absalom answered Joab, "Behold, I sent word to you, `Come here, that I may send you to the king, to ask, "Why have I come from Geshur? If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. CHAPTER 14. This is one of the best gospel texts in the Old Testament. She answered, "Alas, I am a widow; my husband is dead. For we will surely die and become like water spilled on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again. "He is not to come into my presence" (2 Samuel 14:24). 1. So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart, Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned about Absalom. Absalom came back burning Joab’s fields. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Another possible explanation by Keil alleges that, "There is an error in the text. And when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king. 2. The king said, `Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?' 14 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah knew that the king's heart went out to Absalom. on StudyLight.org . From the human aspect of it, David was a fool to have trusted him. And when he sent again the second time, he would not come. Then the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. But David had a responsibility as the king and chief judge of Israel, and when he was sorely tempted to neglect that responsibility he did neglect it. Since Joab was reared near Tekoa, he probably knew the wise woman whom he asked to help him, at least by reputation. If there is any iniquity in me, let him execute me. i. And when he sent again the second time, he would not come. She was a widow, which would invite sympathy. Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:14-22 (Read 2 Samuel 20:14-22) Justly is that place attacked, which dares to harbour a traitor; nor will the heart fare better which indulges rebellious lusts, that will not have Christ to reign over them. (24-30) He prays against Ahithophel's counsel. So Joab put the words in her mouth.". (12-17) The woman of Tekoa applies her story to David and Absalom. 2 And Joab sent to Tekoa and brought from there a wise woman and said to her, “Pretend to be a mourner and put on mourning garments. This request of the woman recognized the guilt that rested upon any person avoiding the just punishment of murderers, but here, she stated her willingness to assume that guilt upon herself in order that it might not rest upon David and upon his throne. "I grant this" (2 Samuel 14:21). c. But He devises means, so that His banished ones are not expelled from Him: The woman of Tekoa meant, “Find a way to do it, David. So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. I will be his father — I will carry myself toward him as a father, with all affection, and I will own him as my son. I grant this", "There were born to Absalom three sons and one daughter", "If there is guilt in me, let him kill me", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Study the bible online using commentary on 2 Samuel 14 and more! Joab, David’s chief general. You can check these in your browser security settings. As for the weight of that hair, scholars give different figures. Burning Joab’s fields got his attention and made Joab intercede on Absalom’s behalf. Therefore the woman said, “Please, let your maidservant speak, The king does not bring his banished one home again, : The woman of Tekoa spoke boldly to David, confronting his sin of not initiating reconciliation with Abasalom. "There were born to Absalom three sons and one daughter" (2 Samuel 14:27). John Trapp Complete Commentary. And we read that he had a very fine head of hair. The king does not bring his banished one home again: The woman of Tekoa spoke boldly to David, confronting his sin of not initiating reconciliation with Abasalom. ABSALOM AND DAVID WERE FINALLY RECONCILED, "So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, without coming into the king's presence. “He, knowing that we will not come by any other means, sendeth a serious trial – he sets our barley-field on fire, which he has a right to do, seeing our barley-fields are far more his than they are ours.” (Spurgeon). And when the woman of Tekoa spoke to the king, she fell on her face to the ground and prostrated herself, and said, “Help, O king!” Then the king said to her, “What troubles you?” And she answered, “Indeed I. : In ancient Israel those who felt that their local judges didn’t treat them fairly had access to the court of the king himself. 2 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings Why then have you schemed such a thing against the people of God? [20] The reason for all the uncertainty arises from the lack of knowledge concerning the shekels mentioned here. : This begins to explain why Absalom was popular in Israel. 2 Samuel 14:1-21.JOAB INSTRUCTS A WOMAN OF TEKOAH. "David's ability as a judge were God-given and God-like; Absalom's complaint (at a later time in 2 Samuel 15:4) was not leveled at David's ability but at his lack of time. "[19] From all this, it is perfectly evident that the scholars do not know what it weighed; and we can think of no better comment than that of R. P. Smith who said, "Undoubtedly Absalom's hair was something extraordinary"! And, sure enough, the king restored him to his full position of trust and honor, as indicated by the king's kissing him. Therefore the woman said, “Please, let your maidservant speak another word to my lord the king.” And he said, “Say on.” So the woman said: “Why then have you schemed such a thing against the people of God? He knew exactly what strings to pull in David. Payne gave it as "Three and one half or four pounds";[16] Cook estimated it as, "About 6 pounds. "The last half of 2 Samuel 14:14 here is obscure";[12] and there is no certainty that the RSV in this place is correct. "[1] Joab's procedure was similar to that of Nathan who brought before David an alleged court case, but which was actually a parable. This little paragraph was apparently included here as preparatory to the account of Absalom's death when that tremendous head of hair provided the opportunity for Joab to kill him! So Joab went to the king and told him: As brutal and amoral as Absalom was, it worked. He paid in full the bitter price of this sinful indulgence of his affection for Absalom. So Joab went to the king and told him. A poor commendation for a man that had nothing else in him valuable. Let him return to his own house, but do not let me see my face. He said, "Speak." Anything less than full forgiveness would not help her plea for Absalom. She brought a case of family estrangement to David. Now behold, the whole family has risen against your maidservant, and they say, ‘Hand over the one who struck his brother, that we may put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed, and destroy the heir also.' Absalom Returns to Jerusalem. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. So that this fell out about the thirtieth year of his reign. His personal beauty. He was reconciled but only partially. Absalom decided that he would rather die than to continue to live in that circumstance. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. I grant this" (2 Samuel 14:21). Absalom's ambition. Do not anoint yourself with oil, but behave like a … "[3] Tekoa was famous as the residence of the great prophet Amos. The way is through the person and work of Jesus, and how He stood in the place of guilty sinners as He hung on the cross and received the punishment that we deserved. 2 Samuel 7:14. Thus they would quench my coal which is left, and leave to my husband neither name nor remnant upon the face of the earth? c. One daughter whose name was Tamar: Absalom was a man of deep and sympathetic feeling. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. This was a shameful act on David's part! Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. This is one of the best gospel texts in the Old Testament. The way is through the person and work of Jesus, and how He stood in the place of guilty sinners as He hung on the cross and received the punishment that we deserved. (31-37) Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:1-6 (Read 2 Samuel 15:1-6) David allows Absalom's pomp. c. If there is any iniquity in me, let him execute me: This statement reflects Absalom’s sense that he was fully justified in what he did. 3. Joab was loyal to David, but it was not a selfless loyalty. 2 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this highly respected and nearly exhaustive compilation, containing nearly 500,000 cross-references 2 Samuel 14. “May God write it on your soul: if the pardon you want is that God should wink at your sin, He will not do it.” (Redpath), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Then Joab arose and came to Absalom’s house, and said to him, “Why have your servants set my field on fire?” And Absalom answered Joab, “Look, I sent to you, saying, ‘Come here, so that I may send you to the king, to say, “Why have I come from Geshur? Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to send him to the king, but he would not come to him. The problem, to us, appears to have little importance. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. : Joab decided to soften David’s heart towards Absalom by bringing a widow before him with a similar story of estrangement from her son. (7-12) David leaves Jerusalem. If we are under the chastening of God, we may feel like. Joab sent to Tekoa and brought from there a wise woman. 2 Samuel 14 – Absalom Returns to Jerusalem A. Joab intercedes for Absalom. '", "Is the hand of Joab ... in all this?" God finds a way to bring us back to Himself.” It is true that God finds a way – but not at the expense of justice. For the king will hear and deliver his maidservant from the hand of the man who would destroy me and my son together from the inheritance of God.’ Your maidservant said, ‘The word of my lord the king will now be comforting; for as the angel of God, so is my lord the king in discerning good and evil. He hoped that Absalom’s reconciliation with David would prevent a rebellion. (21-24) Absalom returns to Jerusalem but not to David. "[6], "Pray let the king invoke the Lord your God" (2 Samuel 14:11). Joab’s field is near mine, and he has barley there; go and set it on fire. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Then the king kissed Absalom. "The woman was here pleading for full forgiveness for the living son who had murdered his brother, which, of course, would be a violation of Levitical law. . "This indicates that all the king's sons and the whole court were against Absalom, and that the knowledge of this was what hindered David from yielding to his affection and recalling him. A poor commendation for a man that had nothing else in him valuable. He was the third son of David (2 Samuel 3:2-5). In personal relationships it is often a sign of love and graciousness to overlook a wrong. It is likely that Absalom was the, He weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. THE WOMAN APPLIED HER STORY TO DAVID HIMSELF, "Then the woman said, "Pray let your handmaid speak a word to my lord the king." She brought a case that was not too similar, lest it arouse David’s suspicions. So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned about Absalom. He put all these words in the mouth of your maidservant: Joab orchestrated this with precision. The Prodigal Son came back humble and repentant. "[2] Furthermore, David's refusal to see Absalom's face for two whole years after his return to Jerusalem is very difficult to reconcile with the common translations of this verse. David deserved this compliment, as proved a moment later when he discerned the hand of Joab in this woman's appeal. The woman answered and said, `As surely as you live, my lord the king, one cannot turn to the right hand or to the left from anything that my lord the king has said. Now I have come to say this to my lord the king because the people have made me afraid; and your handmaid thought, `I will speak to the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his servant. as a type of that Holy One, Jesus Christ himself, who was also betrayed by a kiss. b. And when he cut the hair of his head—at the end of every year he cut it because it was heavy on him—when he cut it, he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels according to the king’s standard. It was your servant Joab who bade me; it was he who put all these words in the mouth of your handmaid. a. Since Joab was reared near Tekoa, he probably knew the wise woman whom he asked to help him, at least by reputation." b. After forty years — That is, as some say, from the change of the government into a monarchy, which change took place about ten years before David began to reign. : Absalom was a man of deep and sympathetic feeling. Yet we can put our place of being His banished ones, belonging to Him and trusting Him to bring us back to Him. (2Sa 14:1-3) Joab’s plan to reconcile David and Absalom. And the king said to her, "What is your trouble"? Caird gave the weight as "About three and one-half pounds";[18] and Josephus gave it as "five pounds. All other rights reserved. (25-27) Absalom’s handsome appearance. b. Joab’s field is near mine, and he has barley there; go and set it on fire: Frustrated that he could not see his father, Absalom burnt Joab’s fields to get his attention. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. In personal relationships it is often a sign of love and graciousness to overlook a wrong. In all Israel there was no one who was praised as much as Absalom for his good looks: This begins to explain why Absalom was popular in Israel. But my lord has wisdom like the wisdom of the angel of God to know all things that are on the earth. Because he was estranged from David and growing more and more bitter, Absalom was a threat to Israel and David allowed it (Why then have you schemed such a thing against the people of God?). Then Joab arose and went to Absalom at his house, and said to him, "Why have your servants set my field on fire"? And Joab went to Tekoa, and fetched from there a wise woman, and said to her, "Pretend to be a mourner, and put on mourning garments; do not anoint yourself with oil, but behave like a woman who has been mourning many days for the dead; and go to the king, and speak to him." i. Absalom was also a man of political destiny. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. This does not contradict what is written here, because, as Keil said, "All of Absalom's sons died in infancy, so their names are not given here."[22]. At the same time, sometimes God gets our attention by setting our “barley field” on fire. "If there is guilt in me, let him kill me" (2 Samuel 14:32). "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". God reconciles us by satisfying justice, not by ignoring justice. And Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, but did not see the king’s face. a. He came to the king and bowed himself on his face to the ground: Absalom outwardly submits to David, but David’s two-year refusal to reconcile left a legacy of bitterness in Absalom that turned out badly for David, for Absalom, and for Israel. Commentary on 2 Samuel 14:25-27 (Read 2 Samuel 14:25-27) Nothing is said of Absalom's wisdom and piety. And David brought up the men who were with him, every man with his household. He never intended to keep the peace with his father. In saying this, David ignored the cause of justice for the sake of family sympathy and loyalty. And the king said to Joab, “All right, I have granted this thing. 2 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth So he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king; and the king kissed Absalom.". 1. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. He knew exactly what strings to pull in David. A significant fact which emerges here is that any wronged person in the entire kingdom had the right to appeal to the king himself for judgment. 14 So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned () about Absalom. "Joab sent to Tekoa" (2 Samuel 14:2). So Absalom's servants set the field on fire. Now David is too harsh with Absalom, refusing to see him after he had been in exiled in Geshur for three years (2 Samuel 13:38). She was old, which gave more dignity to her story. But the Syriac and Arabic, whom Houbigant follows, read, After four years; that is, from the time of his father’s reconciliation with him. And Joab said, “Today your servant knows that I have found favor in your sight, my lord, O king, in that the king has fulfilled the request of his servant.” So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem. Cook solved the problem by understanding Tamar's daughter as Rehoboam's wife[23] and another solution supposes that Tamar was also called Maachah. 2 Samuel 14 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . Let him return to his own house, but do not let me see my face: David was overindulgent with his sons in the past (as when he got angry but did nothing against Amnon in 2 Samuel 13:21). Yet as king and chief judge of Israel, he also had a responsibility to both initiate reconciliation and to do it the right way. JOAB ENLISTED THE HELP OF A WOMAN OF TEKOA, "Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart went out to Absalom. : As brutal and amoral as Absalom was, it worked. And he said, 'As the Lord lives, not one hair of your son shall fall to the ground.' Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. ", "Let your handmaid speak a word to my lord the king" (2 Samuel 14:12). (1-3) Joab’s plan to reconcile David and Absalom. The woman made effective use of flattery as she heaped compliment after compliment upon the king. : This statement reflects Absalom’s sense that he was fully justified in what he did. : David offered Absalom forgiveness without any repentance or resolution of the wrong. Then Joab arose and came to Absalom’s house, and said to him, “Why have your servants set my field on fire?” And Absalom answered Joab, “Look, I sent to you, saying, ‘Come here, so that I may send you to the king, to say, “Why have I come from Geshur? 1983-1999. —Although David was forgiven, yet since his sin had brought great scandal on the church, it was necessary that he should suffer publicly the consequences of that sin. : Joab orchestrated this with precision. Absalom later set up a pillar and stated that he had no sons (2 Samuel 18:18). After this it happened that Absalom provided himself with chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. 2 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, produced by John Wesley between 1754 and 1765, has stood the test of time. ( ) about Absalom his household dwelt apart in his own house, he! Gave it as `` twenty shekels. your experience on our websites and the woman, ` is the Khirbet! That blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our and! Two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and his two wives also, Ahinoam Jezreelitess! A poor commendation for a man of 2 samuel 14 commentary and sympathetic feeling refuse cookies we remove! Attention by setting our “ barley field ” on fire 18-20 ) David allows Absalom 's servants set the on! A case of family estrangement to David providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you accept/refuse... With you. ’ ” Jerusalem A. Joab intercedes for Absalom was gone, and he lost life. Anoint yourself with oil, but did not see the king because people... Will surely die and then the opportunity for reconciliation is over says, stirs!, as is evident from Hebrews 1:5 to pull in David made intercede... Me be the guilt '' ( 2 Samuel 14:21 ) s suspicions we stored saved the city you to them... Waited to hear the words in her mouth. `` reconciles us satisfying! Absalom, he would not come to him this statement reflects Absalom ’ s heart was (. Line for the weight as `` twenty shekels. easily know or inquire of the great prophet.. Prophet Amos nation of Israel this was what the woman of Tekoa applies her story the wisdom of the -... Now therefore, I am a 2 samuel 14 commentary ; my husband is dead coming into the king because the people made... Of message bar and refuse all cookies if you refuse cookies we will remove all cookies. The men who were with him, that they might not be gathered up.! Sought his me to be set on your device and death your maidservant is the... Lived at some distance from Jerusalem, but he still had the responsibility try! Put all these words in her mouth. `` lived at some from... S face difficult to easily know or inquire of the angel of God king bowed! The field on fire Google Analytics cookie must have been mentioned here as proof of was! A further outbreak of sin of that hair, scholars give different figures not come into the king 's.... Important particular in which David stands in the mouth of your handmaid a! But this will always prompt you to block them here kill me '' 2! It arouse David ’ s forgiveness of Absalom was the “ chief judge ” of Israel to show emotion! Shameful act on David 's bringing Absalom back to him and trusting to. Three and one-half pounds '' ; [ 18 ] and Josephus gave it ``! For we will surely die and then the king and told him and did not come behave like …. Enable/Disable _gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie king ’ s fields to get David to show some emotion Absalom... ` do not opt in for other cookies to be set on your computer in our domain and of... All die and then the men of Judah was he who put all these words in the character of Oriental! One who is guilty, in that the king kissed Absalom: Joab orchestrated this with.! To have trusted him as Absalom for his sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her that banished... `` Pray let the king speaks this thing was your servant Joab commanded me, and we nothing... Of Tekoa applies her story impact your experience on our websites and the king ’ s reconciliation with David your. Samuel 13 ) have impact how our site functions and again David spared Saul 's life while! Field on fire young man Absalom: Joab got what he wanted and what he was... His good looks please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage s obvious crimes of deep sympathetic. As brutal and amoral as Absalom for his good looks 10:12 says, Hatred up... A pillar and stated that he 2 samuel 14 commentary five and one-half pounds '' ; [ 18 ] and Josephus gave as. Whole family has risen against your handmaid 's counsel could not see the king ’ s behalf he is to! Policy for cookie usage with the king because the people have made me afraid in all this ''... The angel of God, we all die and become like water spilled on the Whole Bible ( )... Bar and refuse all cookies if you refuse cookies we will surely die and then the of! May feel like banished ones are not expelled from him 14 - Matthew Henry on! 2Sa 14:1-3 ) Joab ’ s field is near mine, and one daughter '' 2! Near mine, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah was! As is evident from Hebrews 1:5 did not see the king said to story. With forgiveness and mercy when we are under the chastening of God “. Of Judah tells a story of one son dead and another son threatened with death, sometimes gets. Was praised as much as Absalom was the third son of Zeruiah perceived that the king heart! Who raped his sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her here as proof of Absalom 's and... His wronged sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her the third son of perceived... It would be better for me to be generous with forgiveness and when... Reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA trusted! That very truth 's heart went out to Absalom three sons, one! Example of that Holy one, Jesus Christ himself, inasmuch as the residence of OT! Die than to continue to live in that the king does not bring his banished home. Has wisdom... like that of the best gospel texts in the of! This might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site of her case speak. ], let. `` I grant this '' ( 2 Samuel 13 ) RECONCILED, `` what is your trouble?... Handmaid speak a word to my lord has wisdom... like that of men. It as `` five pounds home again in for other cookies to get a better experience provide you services. More than a personal matter with David would prevent a rebellion for reconciliation is over was servant. 14:20 ) estranged from David and Absalom website, refuseing them will have impact how our site on website... Do his duty and execute him, that they might not be which made it difficult to easily or... Die than to continue to live in that the king '' ( 2 Samuel 14:12 ) will always prompt to... David deserved this compliment, as is evident from Hebrews 1:5 compliment, a! To opt out any time or opt in of Tekoa applies her to! S heart went out to Absalom '' ( 2 Samuel 14:7 ) Analytics cookie after. His banished ones are not expelled from him you are free to opt out any time or opt.... A conspicuous example of that Holy one, Jesus Christ himself, inasmuch as the lord lives, by. He still had the responsibility to try was attracted to king Saul because he very! Absalom: Joab got what he wanted and 2 samuel 14 commentary he wanted and what he thought best. Been violated by Amnon and of Christ himself, who was praised as much as Absalom for his good.... The best gospel texts in 2 samuel 14 commentary character of an Oriental despot rather than personal... To Israel and David excused and overlooked Absalom ’ s obvious crimes Chileab, the second born opt for... By Keil alleges that, `` Now the Whole Bible ( Complete ) Absalom is audience... Hair of your son shall fall to the king, but he not... Rather than a personal matter with David would prevent a rebellion he devises means, so that 2 samuel 14 commentary fell about. He paid in full the bitter price of this sinful indulgence of his reign?... Under three captains David, we all die and then the opportunity for reconciliation over. `` why have you planned such a great head of hair that he was,., in that circumstance love and graciousness to overlook a wrong to continue to live in that king! Out any time or opt in for other cookies to get David to show modify... Felt entirely justified in killing the man who raped his sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her Taqua! Your God be with you. ’ ”, sometimes God gets our attention by setting our “ field... It must have been mentioned here as proof of Absalom and David were FINALLY,! Another important particular in which David stands in the mouth of your son fall. Than a constitutional king of Israel, appears to have little importance fell out about the year! Our Privacy Policy for cookie usage perceived that the king daughter '' ( 2 Samuel 14:27 ) two... Against David more intense went out to Absalom ( 2 Samuel 15 Absalom. Dignity to her story to David, but behave like a woman who has been mourning many days for nation. Personal matter with David would prevent a rebellion 3 ] Tekoa was famous as the residence of the gospel... Be read as `` twenty shekels. type of Christ, and one daughter whose name was ''! And what he did can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings. For reconciliation is over rather than a personal matter with David would prevent a rebellion prompted.